Social development today is perceived as impossible without globalization as a trend covering different areas. Back in Europe in the 1950s, attempts to create a single market were made with appropriate freedoms for its participants, taking into account labor reserves, capital movements, and other aspects (Colantone 130). From a financial perspective, such initiatives brought together different types of markets, but there were accompanying problems. The deteriorating health status, the decline in individual regions’ economic potential under the influence of the growth of new markets, and political disputes leading to mass unrest and terrorism have become the consequences of globalization. Globalization carries more negative than positive outcomes because social, economic, and political challenges it entails require involving many stakeholders and large funds, which are often not available.
The major impact of globalization on social outcomes is poor health status, which is expressed in the inaccessibility of medical services for individual segments of the population.
An unfavorable effect of globalization on economic outcomes is the polarizing issue where several industries have declined to new places abroad due to the emergence of new marketing and trade opportunities.
Globalization has negatively impacted political outcomes, causing dissatisfaction with various radical representatives, which resulted in protests and terrorist threats.
Many individuals within the US are subjected to low life expectancy, infectious illnesses, and higher mortality rates (Kellner 160). An example to show the poor health condition in the US was during the launching of the border office in 1989 by the Texas Department of Health (TDH) (Steger 237). The main objective was to adjust the health and environmental situations on the US side that resulted from globalization. The interaction amongst people from all walks of life has significantly resulted in the spread of HIV/AIDS, especially among youths. For example, during the peak of globalization, there rose a high degree of engaging community-based activity within the UN AIDS programs to offer grounds for global co-operations and minimization of the spread of HIV/AIDS (Ritzer and Dean 207). The increasing sex tourism and migrant sex workers facilitate the consistent transmission of such diseases (Broz et al. 465). The moral standards in most societies within the US are reported to have been ruined as the people tend to adopt even the unhealthy cultures from other societies.
The economic squeeze, especially in the US middle class, is linked to the polarizing issue. Further, globalization has also facilitated homogenization in the US (Ritzer and Dean 201). For example, Starbucks and Gap have dominated commercial spaces in several countries, including the US. The sheer capacity and US outreach have hindered the two-sided affair of cultural exchange in several countries, thus resulting in homogeneity (Coulibaly et al. 272). Frequent and consistent migration of people from rural to urban places has been witnessed, resulting in the rapid growth of such urban areas (Steger 235). This growth has led to improved living standards, while migration has resulted in critical challenges in these urban areas.
Globalization has negatively impacted the political outcomes within the US. There have been cases of humans from other areas worldwide hijacking commercial airplanes and shutting them down into fundamental symbols of US power, killing many individuals. Surprisingly, the US power makes it attracts terrorism (Croucher 50). By augmenting terrorism, resistance groups, and infusion of a maniac culture in other parts of the world, globalization hinders democracy and human rights (Gygli et al. 546). The stiff competition of worldwide capitalism has also resulted in personal ideals contrary to the cultural beliefs and acceptance in various societies within the US.
Ultimately, globalization has caused social, economic, and political challenges that demand critical reforms and steps to mitigate these effects. US politicians must try and place national policies so that globalization and the fast growth of technology might not impose extreme negative impacts on the US’s social, political, and economic outcomes. Therefore, the government needs to review its political influence on national policies to harmonize international trade.
Broz, J. Lawrence, et al. “Populism in Place: The Economic Geography of the Globalization Backlash.” International Organization, vol. 75, no. 2, 2021, pp. 464-494.
Colantone, Italo, and Piero Stanig. “The Surge of Economic Nationalism in Western Europe.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 33, no. 4, 2019, pp. 128-51.
Coulibaly, Salifou K., et al. “Economic Globalization, Entrepreneurship, and Development.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 127, no. 1, 2018, pp. 271-280.
Croucher, Sheila. Globalization and Belonging: The Politics of Identity in a Changing World. Rowman & Littlefield, 2018.
Gygli, Savina, et al. “The KOF Globalization Index–Revisited.” The Review of International Organizations, vol. 14, no. 3, 2019, pp. 543-574.
Kellner, Douglas. “Globalization, Techno-Politics and Revolution.” Technology and Democracy: Toward A Critical Theory of Digital Technologies, Technopolitics, and Technocapitalism. Springer, 2021, pp. 153-177.
Ritzer, George, and Paul Dean. Globalization: The Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, 2019.
Steger, Manfred B. Globalization: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2017.