In the face of fierce competition and a rapidly changing situation, organizations should focus on the state of internal affairs and develop a long-term strategy of behavior that would allow them to keep up with the changes taking place outside the organization. When managing strategic changes, the concept of transformational leadership is particularly in demand, which is characterized by the ability of a leader to achieve significant changes in the company (Dugan, 2017). The transformational leader changes the organization’s vision, the concept of its development, and the strategy, structure, culture, and technology of the organization.
Four Components of Transformational Leadership
Individual Approach or Leadership Through the Development of People
This leadership is associated with the support provided by the leader to his subordinates and the manifestation of attention to their interests. The leader creates an environment in the organization that allows for meeting the needs of subordinates, encourages employees to train, and makes it possible to get an interesting job (Li & Hung, 2009). The leader gives them tasks of such complexity that could develop their professional skills and strengthen their self-confidence.
Intellectual Stimulation or Leadership by Stimulating People’s Thinking
The leader encourages employees to find new ways to solve familiar tasks, use their imagination, and think independently. At the same time, the manager undertakes to listen to any proposed ideas, even the most absurd ones. One of the main goals of a transformational leader is to develop self-confidence in employees and the desire for continuous self-development. This approach encourages followers to find the best new ways to solve old problems.
Inspiring Motivation or Leadership by Inspiring People
The leader creates a clear picture of the future, which gives optimistic expectations to followers, inspires them through motivation, reduces the complexity of the problem by reducing it to the root issues, and uses simple language to convey the organization’s mission. Employees with this type of leadership are willing to make additional efforts to realize the organization’s goals.
Idealized Influence or Leadership Based on Charisma
The leader strives to become a role model for their employees, explains to them the meaning of goals and results, and convinces them to abandon personal interests for the sake of the group’s interests for the sake of the organization’s mission. A transformational leader deserves the respect and trust of his followers with his personal qualities, desire for change, and self-sacrifice for the sake of high goals.
Dugan, J. P. (2017). Leadership theory: Cultivating critical perspectives. John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.
Li, C. K., & Hung, C. H. (2009). The influence of transformational leadership on workplace relationships and job performance. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 37(8), 1129–1142.